Within the United States, The National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA) has forecasted that approximately 30 million people suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating disorder in their lifetime. Worldwide it is around 70 million people in total. Let those numbers sink in!
There is a good chance you may know someone struggling with an eating disorder, or maybe it is you. It is so important to note, that whoever is affected, eating disorders are real, complex medical, and mental illnesses that cause severe physical, mental, and social effects. They are NOT a fad, phase, or lifestyle choice.
Whether you or a friend or family member is in need of treatment but has not yet accepted help, is in treatment, or has completed treatment, care and concern can go a long way in helping someone with an eating disorder.
Whatever the situation may be, there is no easy fix for these complex conditions. However, there is a multitude of ways that an individual can offer encouragement and support to others. There are many ways to help them cope with these disorders.
Eating disorders can be life-threatening and even fatal if not recognized and treated accordingly. At Unity Behavioral Health, our facility provides comprehensive treatment methods and resources. These services can help people with mental illness and addiction to effectively learn how to cope with their conditions. This enables these individuals to recover and live healthier and purposefully.
An eating disorder is defined as a serious mental disorder, characterized by someone’s life being controlled by an unhealthy preoccupation with thoughts and behaviors related to eating food, exercising, and body size, shape, and weight.
People with eating disorders are extremely critical of themselves and the way their body looks, as well as, how people perceive them. They usually feel “fat” and see themselves as overweight, when in reality, the mirror is playing tricks on them so to speak. Body dysmorphia is another topic, however.
This mental condition essentially causes a person to obsess with what they eat, how much they weigh, and how their body looks. As a result, their behaviors may change. They may starve themselves or experience other behavioral changes. These actions are a reflection of having pervasive feelings of intense fear or anxiety that they will gain weight or become fat.
Again, it is important to dispel the major misconception that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice, a type of yo-yo diet, or a cry for attention. They are mental diseases that take on various forms. These disorders control many aspects of a person’s daily life. Women are more likely to have an eating disorder, but men also can develop them as well.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) categorizes eating disorders into 4 different types, which are as follows:
The two most common eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia) have their differences in the way the conditions develop. However, the symptoms are very similar. Eating disorders do not discriminate. People of all ages, sexes, genders, body types, weights, etc., can have an eating disorder.
Anorexia nervosa, commonly known as anorexia, is a life-threatening eating disorder. It is characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. People with anorexia are defined by severe food restriction. They either limit the amount of food consumed or only eat certain types of food. It is very common for people with anorexia to view themselves as overweight even though they are actually underweight.
1 in 200 women suffers from anorexia. On average, girls develop this type of eating disorder at 16 or 17. Girls between the ages of 13 and their early 20s are most at risk.
The symptoms of Anorexia include:
For people diagnosed with anorexia, the associated malnutrition, and rapid weight loss that occurs, as a result, commonly causes complications with various major organ systems in the body. This includes mostly the heart and kidneys.
Bulimia nervosa, known as bulimia, is a life-threatening eating disorder that is the opposite of anorexia in terms of behavior. As anorexia is characterized by people not eating or starving themselves, individuals with bulimia tend to eat or binge large amounts of food.
In other words, bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake.
After eating, bulimics purge or self-induce vomiting to get rid of the food they consumed, as they believe the extra calories will make them gain weight or become fat. This is very unhealthy, as their thoughts are still preoccupied with finding a way to use food as a coping mechanism.
3 in 100 women in the United States suffer from bulimia nervosa. In their lifetime, 1.1% – 4.2% of females will have this type of eating disorder.
The symptoms of bulimia are serious and potentially life-threatening. They include the following:
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common type of eating disorder in the United States, affecting 8% of American adults. BED is a severe, mental condition characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food in one sitting followed by self-induced purging or vomiting. This occurs even if the person isn’t necessarily hungry.
Someone with BED often cannot control how much they are eating and engage in this type of addictive behavior to cope with unwanted emotions and stress.
Symptoms of binge eating disorder include the following:
The prevalence of eating disorders is astonishing. According to The National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, (ANAD), eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness.
While the occurrence of eating disorders varies between countries, studies and evidence-based research shows, that on a global scale, there is an agreement that these mental conditions, including disordered eating and body image issues, have increased worldwide over the last 30 years.
The problem with statistical research presented on eating disorders is that the accuracy of data may not be reliable because many suffer from eating disorders do not seek treatment for various reasons. This includes denying they have a problem, feelings of embarrassment, guilt, shame, confusion of symptoms, and financial burden.
The four types of eating disorders may be similar in some ways, they are also present themselves differently in terms of expression of behaviors and symptoms. A person who does not fit under the DSM-5’s classification of anorexia, for example, can still have an eating disorder. Here are some important and shocking statistics on eating disorders!
Similar to addiction, in the early stages of having an eating disorder, individuals often deny that they have a problem, or do not recognize the signs. This, as mentioned before, can be extremely detrimental to one’s overall health.
As a result, without treatment of both emotional and physical symptoms of eating disorders, other co-occurring psychiatric conditions that were not pre-existing can develop such as anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and most importantly, drug and alcohol addiction. Heart problems and other fatal conditions can also occur as a result.
As with most mental illnesses, eating disorders are not caused by just one factor but by a combination of physical, psychological, and biological factors. These are important factors to recognize, because often people with these disorders hide that they have a problem, due to the stigma surrounding mental illness, such as embarrassment, shame, and guilt.
The signs and symptoms of eating disorders to recognize include the following:
The physical warning signs of eating disorders include the following:
The psychological warning signs of eating disorders include the following:
If you, or somebody you know, is experiencing several of the following symptoms, it is important to seek help immediately to determine if you or they have a problem.
Any combination of these symptoms can present a diagnosis of an eating disorder, or not. It depends on the factors above. As the signs and symptoms for each type can be similar to each other, that is why it is important to seek a professional opinion.
Aside from the medical complications associated with eating disorders, these mental conditions have a high mortality rate. In a reported study, the mortality rate in people with Anorexia increased six-fold compared to the general population. This is a result of starvation, substance abuse, and suicide.
Many research studies have demonstrated the various similarities between the conditions and mechanisms between a dual diagnosis of eating disorders and addiction.
Eating disorders and addiction are frequently co-occurring. This is because personality traits, genetics, and other factors cause people to turn to drugs and alcohol as a means to cope with the symptoms of their eating disorder and compulsive behaviors.
It is common for people to not realize that eating disorders are often complicated by symptoms of underlying or pre-existing mental conditions, including the following:
To understand eating disorders and addiction, people need to learn how they relate to one another. This can be done by realizing that treatment for dual diagnoses is available through various coping mechanisms and programs. Know that you are not alone!
Unfortunately, only 1 in 10 people struggling with eating disorders will receive treatment. As mentioned above, this is due to a variety of reasons. The most important being stigma, and how society perceives mental illness.
Feelings of shame, guilt, and discrimination for having a mental condition hinders many people from receiving life-saving treatment. Due to this, people who have already entered rehab often end up relapsing in early recovery. However, with the right form of treatment, support, and motivation a full recovery and improved quality of life are possible.
The good news is that there are many treatment options available for people with eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, as well as substance use disorders. Research has shown, that with treatment, 60% of eating disorder sufferers make a full recovery.
Eating disorders are treated most effectively when diagnosed and intervened with as early as possible. The earlier a person receives treatment, the greater the probability that they will make a full recovery, and be able to live a more fulfilling life.
Treatment with the best long-term and successful outcomes include tailored plans to an individual’s needs, including both the severity of the disorder and the patient’s problems, needs, and strengths.
Co-occurring disorders are treated in a dual diagnosis program. Most involve a combination of medical care, therapy, educational resources, and speaking to a nutritionist.
At Unity Behavioral Health, we have been studying eating disorders and their link between emotional and physical health. The first step in treating eating disorders is to help individuals get back to a healthy weight for their body type by getting the cycle of binging and purging under control.
Within our residential and outpatient treatment facilities, our multidisciplinary team addresses a patient’s eating disorder symptoms and medical complications, as well as psychological, biological, and physical factors that have been contributing to the cause of their condition.
In addition, we also examine underlying emotional problems and other forms of mental illness such as substance abuse, to avoid further complications including worsening one’s abnormal eating patterns.
Individual, group, and family therapy sessions help individuals with eating disorders specifically understand their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that trigger their unhealthy episodes. In addition, medications have also been prescribed and proven to be effective.
Lastly, due to the serious physical problems caused by these mental conditions, it is important that our comprehensive treatment plans for a person with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder include medical care in conjunction with nutritional therapy.
This helps individuals engage in healthy eating habits to rebuild their overall wellbeing, mentally and physically. It is important to note, that the exact form of treatment to tend to the needs of each individual will vary.
It is important for individuals struggling with an eating disorder to find a health professional they trust to help coordinate and oversee their care. At Unity BH, we help people learn coping mechanisms to manage their eating disorders effectively. These include:
If you or a loved one is suffering from a mental condition such as an eating disorder and/or addiction to drugs and alcohol, contact us at Unity Behavioral Health today! We can help you best cope with your conditions, resulting in optimal health and improved quality of life.
Speak to one of our experienced and caring representatives at Unity Behavioral Health to learn about how our rehab programs can help your loved one defeat addiction.